When studying bloodlines, much is known about the Haplogroup e1b1b. They are a primarily Somalian bloodline and are found at high frequencies in Morocco and Somalia at 80%. Other countries that have this Haplogroup include Ethiopia, Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt and Jordan.
Origins and expansion
The haplogroup e1b1b is known as being the last direct migration from Africa into Europe. It’s believed that this group appeared in the Horn of Africa. It was dispersed to northern Africa and the near east during the Paleolithic and Mesolithic period. The oldest known individuals with e1b1b are from the Mesolithic Natufian culture in Israel, a culture that was largely sedentary. Genetic testing has also found these Haplogroups in Jordan although not Iran or Anatolia during the Neolithic period.
Today, the highest diversity of this haplogroup can be found in Northeast Africa in Ethiopia and Somalia. It appears that the lineages found among these two groups may have come from the Fertile Crescent at some time during the Neolithic period.
Although this group can mostly be found in North Africa and Western Europe, there are subgroups of the e1b1b which have been further studied. This haplogroup find high frequencies in Kosovo, Albania and Montenegro. When studying a map that has the concentration of this haplogroup, it’s easy to notice that the largest concentration in mainland Europe is Kosovo with concentrations lowering further away. Likely members of this haplogroup immigrated to the area as over 45% of people in Kosovo fall under the category of e1b1b.
Similarly, the highest concentration of this haplogroup in Africa is found in the northern area with percentages lowering in middle and southern African descent, both in and outside Africa. It’s also found in the US today and has been observed that approximately 5% of African American populations have this haplogroup.
Studying the distribution and subcategories of this group prove valuable to historians. They can understand the history and migration patterns of specific groups of people. The advanced DNA testing available shows how people have migrated around the world. Times such as ancient and modern ones. This haplogroup can be found around the world. Although, the highest concentration indicates their origins and even their likely initial start. As a subject of continuous study, there’s still a great deal more to learn about this haplogroup.